Abortion is the ending of pregnancy, by removing the embryo or fetus outside of the uterus before it is able to survive on its own.Abortions can be spontaneous or induced. Spontaneous abortions are also known as miscarriages and often occur before the 20th week on their own (usually within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy). The main reasons of spontaneous abortions are problems with fetal development, while in some cases even health conditions of the mother play a great role. However, in many cases the reason of the spontaneous abortion is not known.Induced abortion is the intentional termination of the pregnancy, usually in unwanted pregnancies. There are two types (Abortion Options) of induced abortions: surgical and chemical.